Dev Anand Biography, Movies, Songs, Age, Height, Wiki, Wife & Cause of Death
Dharamdev Pishorimal Anand, also popularly known as Dev Anand, was born on the 26th of September, 1923. He was a versatile actor, writer, producer, and director who was known for his legendary work in Indian Cinema. He is considered as an evergreen star of the Indian Film Industry.
Dev Anand Early Life
Dharam Dev Anand was born in the Gurdaspur district of Punjab on the 26th of September, 1923. His father, Pishori Lal Anand, was an advocate and Dev Anand was the third son of the four sons he had. Dev Anand also had a younger sister Sheel Kanta Kapur, who is the mother of the famous Indian film director Shekhar Kapur. His eldest brother, Manmohan Anand, was also an advocate, whereas, Chetan Anand, was a film producer & Dev’s younger brother, Vijay Anand, was an actor and producer. Dev Anand completed his school education from Sacred Heart School, Dalhousie and later went to Dharamshala to complete his college education before going to Lahore for higher studies. He completed his graduation with a Bachelor’s degree in English Literature from the Government College in Lahore then British India. He, along with his elder brother Chetan Anand, co-founded Navketan Films in 1949.
Dev Anand Personal Life
Dev Anand was romantically involved with actress and singer Suraiya from the year 1948 to 1951. However, they could never marry because of the opposition by Suraiya’s maternal grandmother. She remained unmarried till her death on the 31st of January, 2004. However, Dev Anand married Kalpana Kartik (Mona Singha) in the year 1954. She was from a Punjabi Christion Family in Lahore. Her family had moved to Shimla where she pursued her education from the prestigious St Bede’s College. She married Dev Anand secretly on the film set of Taxi Driver. Together they had two children, Suneil Anand & Devina Anand. Devina married in 1985, whereas, Suneil remained unmarried. Devina gave birth to a daughter, Gina Narang in 1986.
Dev Anand Career
After completing his graduation in English, Dev Anand left for Bombay in the early 1940s. He started working at a military censor’s office located at Churchgate and later he worked as a clerk. He joined his brother, Chetan, as a member of Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA). He was inspired by the acting skills of Ashok Kumar in films such as Kismet and Achhut Kanya after which he decided to become an actor. He was given his first break by Babu Rao Pai of Prabhat Film studios. Mr Pai told Dev Anand he gave him this role because of his smile and confidence as he had gate crashed his office. He was offered his first role in Hum Ek Hain that released in the year 1946. The film was about communal harmony between Hindu and Muslims. Dev Anand played a Hindu boy. While shooting for the Film in Pune, Anand and Guru Dutt became friends. They promised each other that if one of them became successful in the film industry, he would help the other to succeed.
Romance with Suraiya (Late 1940)
In the late 1940s, Dev Anand was offered roles as a male lead opposite Suraiya, who was a famous singer and actress at that time. While shooting for these movies, they fell in love with each other. The two of them starred in seven movies altogether such as Vidya (1948), Jeet (1949), Shair (1949), Afsar (1950), Nili (1950), Do Sitare (1951), and Sanam (1951). All of these movies were blockbusters at the box office. Suraiya was more popular as a star than Dev Anand during those times.
She fell in love with Dev Anand during the shooting of the song sequence Kinare Kinare Chale Jayenge from the movie Vidya. During the shooting of the movie, the boat they were on overturned and Dev Anand saved Suraiya from drowning. However, her romance and marriage plan was soon discovered by her grandmother and uncle, who were against it as Dev Anand was a Hindu. Dev Anand later married Kalpana Kartik. Although the films which had Anand and Suraiya were successful, the movies’ successes were credited due to the screen presence of Suraiya.
Break and the Period during The 1950s
Ashok Kumar gave Dev Anand the break he needed in his acting career. He picked him as the lead actor for the movie Ziddi that was produced by the Bombay Talkies and released in the year 1948. He was paired opposite Kamini Kaushal in this movie. After the success of Ziddi, Anand shifted his interest to production. Dev Anand’s association with Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar began with the movie Ziddi and went on for 40 years, after they sang a duet in Ziddi. Kishore Kumar had a very strong friendship with Dev Anand. In 1949 Anand launched his own company Navketan Films.
Guru Dutt was chosen as the director for the crime thriller, Baazi (1951). The film had Anand in the lead role along with Geeta Bali and Kalpana Kartik. This movie set trends for the crime films in Bollywood in 1950s. This was Kalpana Kartik’s debut movie as female actress and Guru Dutt as a movie director. After Baazi, Dev Anand and Kalpana Kartik starred in many movies together. Some of them were Aandhiyan (1952), Taxi Driver (1954), House No. 44 (1955), and Nau Do Gyarah (1957). All of these movies were block buster movies. During filming of one of the movies Taxi Driver, Dev Anand got romantically involved and proposed marriage to Kalpana and got married to her. They had a son Suneil and a daughter Devina. After her marriage with Dev, Kalpana decided to quit acting. Their last movie together was Nau Do Gyarah.
His fast-paced dialogue delivery and his fondness of nodding while speaking became his style in his movies like Munimji, C.I.D, Funtoosh, Pocket Maar, and House No. 44. His films during the 1950s were generally of the genre mystery or love stories with a pinch of comedy. Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman acted in a series of box office successes in the latter half of 1950s. Some of their movies, which were box office hits, are C.I.D (1956), Solva Saal (1958), Kala Bazar (1960), and Baat Ek Raat Ki (1962). C.I.D was the move which gave Waheeda Rehman her stardom. Dilip Kumar also paired with Anand in the movie Insaniyat. Dev Anand wanted to try acting in movies which had a tragic ending. He won a Filmfare Award in the Best Actor category for the movie Kala Pani. The other movies which are worth mentioning are Pocket Maar (1956), Bombai Ka Baboo (1960), and Sharabi (1964). He also did negative roles in Jaal, Dushman, and Kala Bazar. His leading ladies were Suraiya, Kalpana Kartik, Nutan, and Waheeda Rehman.
Image of a Romantic Hero in The 1960s
Dev Anand created a romantic image of himself with the help of movies such as Tere Ghar Ke Samne with Nutan, Kinare Kinare with Meena Kumari, Maya with Mala Sinha, Asli-Naqli with Sadhana, Mahal and Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai with Asha Parekh, as well as, Teen Deviyaan which had three lead actresses – Kalpana, Simi Garewal, and Nanda. He persuaded R.K Narayan to give his consent to make a film based on the book, Guide.
Guide had a mind-blowing performance by Anand and remains one of the most sort after movies in the history of Bollywood. Jewel Thief was another movie where he reunited with his brother Vijay Anand. This movie was also extremely successful. Anand’s next movie, in which he paired himself opposite Hema Malini, was Johny Mera Naam (1970), which was a huge success in the Box Office.
Directorial Debut and Evergreen Hero Image in 1970s
Prem Pujari was Anand’s directorial debut. However his first successful movie as a director was Hare Rama Hare Krishna which shows the Hippie Culture. This movie made Zeenat Aman an overnight star. In 1971 he starred in Tere Mere Sapne and Gambler as the lead pair. Both the movies went on to become huge successes.
In the 1970’s, other lead actors like Dilip Kumar and Raj Kapoor had started playing fathers in films. Some of the films starring Dev Anand turned out to be flops and became a threat to his career as a hero. He came back with a double lead role in the movie Banarasi Babu in 1973 and starred with Sharmila Tagore in the commercially hit movie Yeh Gulistan Hamara, and with Hema Malini in Chhupa Rustam (1973) and Amir Garib (1974). He also paired opposite Zeenat Aman in Heera Panna (1973), Warrant (1975), Kalabaaz and Darling Darling (1977), as well as, Parveen Babi in Bullet (1976).
Dev Anand Death
He died in London at The Washington Mayfair Hotel at the age of 88 on 3rd December, 2011. His last movie was Charge Sheet. He was in London for a medical checkup when he died. The funeral was held in London in a small chapel and the ashes were immersed in the Godavari River.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2001, The Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2002, and the IIFA Award in 2003 for his constant work in Indian Cinema.