London, Nov mber 22: Online information about the real risks and benefits of "designer vagina" surgery - which includes procedures such as labial reduction, laser vaginal rejuvenation and G-spot amplification - is poor and in some cases, inaccurate, a new study has revealed.
The authors Googled private providers offering female genital cosmetic surgery and included the first five UK and US websites that came up in the search results.
The content of the information provided by these websites was assessed using 16 criteria, ranging from what, and how, procedures are carried out, to success rates and potential risks.
Some 72 procedures were mentioned across all 10 sites, although the absence of standard terminology makes it impossible to decipher the exact number offered, say the authors. Terms included "labioplasty" "liposculpting" "hoodectomy" and "hymenoplasty."
Only two websites indicated success rates, all of which were 95 percent or 100 percent, but what constituted success was not defined. All sites mentioned unsubstantiated social and psychological benefits, including restored confidence and self-esteem.
All 10 sites mentioned risks, but these were downplayed; four failed to mention exactly what these were; and only one gave information on revision rates. Three sites referred to "botched" procedures causing disfigurement and requiring revision performed by other providers.
None of the sites gave a lower age limit for surgery, which the authors suggest "is most disturbing of all," particularly as anatomy changes throughout the lifespan.
The study has been published published in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology edition of the online only journal BMJ Open. (ANI)